Major Purposes and Types of Irrigation.
The process through which water is applied to plants through controlled amounts is referred as irrigation. Irrigation is done in intervals to ensure proper distribution and non-wasteful use of water. Irrigation is common in areas that receive little amounts of rainfall. Irrigation is core in maintaining the countryside view and structure.
Under agricultural purposes, irrigation is used to reduce growth of weed. The improper hardness of the soil can be eliminated through irrigation and hence ensure that the soil is efficient for growing plants. Irrigation is mainly applied in the agricultural and crop production, but it is also used in livestock production for cooling livestock bodies. Irrigation helps reduce and control dust. The softening of water and reduction of the dust in the mining areas can be done through irrigation. Sewage disposal is the role played by irrigation. The removal of water where it is not supposed to be can be regarded as drainage which can be wholly defined as a way of irrigation.
The world has experience a varying use different means of irrigation in different countries and cultures. Irrigation in all countries using irrigation is geared towards ensuring continuous crop production and hence the country is able to sustain its citizens through sufficient food security. Countries receiving less amounts of rainfall or rather the arid and semi-arid countries have from the many past years used irrigation. The practice of irrigation have also developed throughout the ages due to the rise in irrigation technology. Water is being supplied to the dry areas of different countries through the proper utility and exploitation of the water bodies available in the country.
There are various ways and types of irrigation depending on the method of application of water to the crops. The amount of water supplied to plants is dependent on the water consumption needs of the plant. The water consumption level varies in terms in plants since some plants may entirely need constant supply of water for growth. Surface irrigation has been in use for a very long period of time. Water is supplied to the cultivated land through use of furrows. Maximum saturation of the soil makes this type of irrigation cause flooding. This method is mainly used under areas with sufficient and probably heavy supply of water in and it is still being used in countries with sufficient water bodies.
Other types of irrigation include the micro irrigation which can also be known as the trickle irrigation. This type of irrigation involves supply of water through pipes under a certain sequence in lower quantities to the plants. Sprinklers and spraying equipment are used to carry out drip irrigation and is common to small plants that have low water consumption rate. Whilst offering equipment and irrigation suggestions and schemes, irrigation in Yakima can be termed as one of the successful irrigation entities and locations.